Question by Asfjhydasaf: History question!!!!!!!!?
What was the Native Americans’ reaction to Spanish colonization?
Please help 🙁
Answer by Vanessa
Indigenous peoples (Native Americans)
Main articles: Indigenous peoples of the Americas and Native Americans in the United States
The cultures and populations of the indigenous peoples of the Americas were changed by the Spanish assumption and colonization of their lands.
Before the arrival of Columbus, in Hispaniola the indigenous Taíno pre-contact population of several hundred thousand declined to sixty thousand by 1509. Although population estimates vary, Father Bartolomé de las Casas, the “Defender of the Indians” estimated there were 6 million (6,000,000) Taíno and Arawak in the Caribbean at the time of Columbus’s arrival in 1492.
The population of the Native Amerindian population in Mexico declined by an estimated 90% (reduced to 1 – 2.5 million people) by the early 17th century. In Peru the indigenous Amerindian pre-contact population of around 6.5 million declined to 1 million by the early 17th century.
Of the history of the indigenous population of California, Sherburne F. Cook (1896–1974) was the most painstakingly careful researcher. From decades of research he made estimates for the pre-contact population and the history of demographic decline during the Spanish and post Spanish periods. According to Cook, the indigenous Californian population at first contact, in 1769, was about 310,000 and had dropped to 25,000 by 1910. The vast majority of the decline happened during the Mexican and U.S.A periods of Californian history (1821–1910), with the most dramatic collapse (200,000 to 25,000) occurring in the U.S.A period (1846–1910).
Main article: Spanish missions in the Americas
The Spaniards were committed, by Vatican decree, to convert their New World indigenous subjects to Catholicism. However, often initial efforts were questionably successful, as the indigenous people added Catholicism into their longstanding traditional ceremonies and beliefs. The many native expressions, forms, practices, and items of art could be considered idolatry and prohibited or destroyed by Spanish missionaries, military, and civilians. This included religious items, sculptures, and jewelry made of gold or silver, which were melted down before shipment to Spain.
Though the Spanish did not impose their language to the extent they did their religion, some indigenous languages of the Americas evolved into replacement with Spanish, and lost to present day tribal members. When more efficient they did evangelize in native languages. Introduced writing systems to the Quechua, Nahuatl and Guarani peoples may have contributed to their expansion.
i got this info from wikipedia hope i helped :))
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