Question by Asfjhydasaf: History question!!!!!!!!?
What was the Native Americans’ reaction to Spanish colonization?
Please help 🙁
Answer by Vanessa
Indigenous peoples (Native Americans)
Main articles: Indigenous peoples of the Americas and Native Americans in the United States
The cultures and populations of the indigenous peoples of the Americas were changed by the Spanish assumption and colonization of their lands.
Before the arrival of Columbus, in Hispaniola the indigenous Taíno pre-contact population of several hundred thousand declined to sixty thousand by 1509. Although population estimates vary, Father Bartolomé de las Casas, the “Defender of the Indians” estimated there were 6 million (6,000,000) Taíno and Arawak in the Caribbean at the time of Columbus’s arrival in 1492.
The population of the Native Amerindian population in Mexico declined by an estimated 90% (reduced to 1 – 2.5 million people) by the early 17th century. In Peru the indigenous Amerindian pre-contact population of around 6.5 million declined to 1 million by the early 17th century.
Of the history of the indigenous population of California, Sherburne F. Cook (1896–1974) was the most painstakingly careful researcher. From decades of research he made estimates for the pre-contact population and the history of demographic decline during the Spanish and post Spanish periods. According to Cook, the indigenous Californian population at first contact, in 1769, was about 310,000 and had dropped to 25,000 by 1910. The vast majority of the decline happened during the Mexican and U.S.A periods of Californian history (1821–1910), with the most dramatic collapse (200,000 to 25,000) occurring in the U.S.A period (1846–1910).
Main article: Spanish missions in the Americas
The Spaniards were committed, by Vatican decree, to convert their New World indigenous subjects to Catholicism. However, often initial efforts were questionably successful, as the indigenous people added Catholicism into their longstanding traditional ceremonies and beliefs. The many native expressions, forms, practices, and items of art could be considered idolatry and prohibited or destroyed by Spanish missionaries, military, and civilians. This included religious items, sculptures, and jewelry made of gold or silver, which were melted down before shipment to Spain.
Though the Spanish did not impose their language to the extent they did their religion, some indigenous languages of the Americas evolved into replacement with Spanish, and lost to present day tribal members. When more efficient they did evangelize in native languages. Introduced writing systems to the Quechua, Nahuatl and Guarani peoples may have contributed to their expansion.
i got this info from wikipedia hope i helped :))
Know better? Leave your own answer in the comments!
Question by kiz: polymer clay question help?
okay, i just started using it, and i find it hard>< i've conditioned it... do i need to do anything after conditioning? since i don't have a clear idea. im confused on baking it too, like the directions says 275 F, 15 min per, 1/4 in. would i need to bake it longer if it's not like that? when i conditioned it, there's like dust on the clay>< and the last is that im trying to make this one design for a necklace that's just lines, but when i try to lift it up, it gets ruin. and i think, this is all for now... Best answer:
Answer by Gnarledwolf
Polymer clay is great for any number of projects due to several factors. The first is, it doesn’t dry much in open air and the more you work it, the softer it gets, though getting started may take a bit of work and you might want to use a clean hammer or rolling pin. The other nice thing about it is it has the ability to baked and rebaked. I often build a under frame with the clay, then bake it to harden it so it lends more support, then I’ll add fresh clay for an upper structure, and bake again. The baking times are based on the thickness of the clay. If it’s a small object I’ll often put it on 250 for about 12 minutes or so, it it’s larger, say the size of a bryer horse, I’ll put it in at 350 for 30 minutes, then test it after I let it air cool to see if it’s enough… but as I say, one baking never works for me anyway. As for lifting it, when you lay the clay down for what you will consider your final shaping, lay down some baking powder… very lightly, and it’ll be much easier to lift off using a small knife or spatula. Good luck!
Add your own answer in the comments!
Question for professional tattoo artists: can an arm bracelet be inked to look like real jewelry (golden)?
Question by tigertattoo: Question for professional tattoo artists: can an arm bracelet be inked to look like real jewelry (golden)?
I just finished my back and would like an arm bracelet. I wanted a really delicate egyptian design with a tiger’s eye stone that looks like beaten gold or bronze. The artist that started my back said she could do it but passed away years ago and the artist that finished my back is awesome but told me the “golden look” would turn brown over time and no longer look like jewelry due to my skin tone when I tan even though I cover all my tats with 50 block sun screen.I don’t want black because it would look tribal. I know there is no gold ink but is there a technique that would hold the hue?
Answer by Kita Kazoo
I think your artist either doesn’t know how or doesn’t want to do it, because it is a hard tattoo style to work in. I suggest you shop around until you find someone who is positive and trust worthy. Maybe you’ll have to travel to get it, but since it will last you a life time it would be worth the extra expense.
Add your own answer in the comments!